Sunday, January 26, 2014

India ranked 155th in global environment performance list

India has been ranked at a low 155th position in a global list that evaluates countries on how well they perform on high-priority environmental issues.  The country is also behind neighbouring China, Pakistan and Nepal.  The 2014 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) has ranked a total of 178 countries. India is placed at the 155th position, with an index score of 31.23 points. Its rank is also much lower than BRICS peers.  Besides, India has fared poorly compared to neighbouring countries like Nepal and Pakistan -- which are ranked 139th and 148th, respectively.

Among the BRICS, South Africa was placed at 72nd position, followed by Russia (73), Brazil (77) and China (118). The list is topped by Switzerland and is followed by Luxembourg, Australia, Singapore, and Czech Republic. "Emerging economies, including China, India, Brazil, Russia, and South Africa, have had modest improvement over the past decade, but they have also paid an environmental price for their rapid growth," the report released on Saturday in Davos aid.  The emerging economies represent 55 per cent of global growth from the end of 2009 to 2012.

Urbanisation without sufficient investment in environmental safeguards is a key reason for emerging economies' poor showing when it comes to air quality, biodiversity and habitat protection.  The 178 nations in the index represent 99 per cent of the global population, 98 per cent of the world's total land area, and 97 per cent of the global GDP, the report said.